RESULTATS DE LA CERCA
Secciones Dossier: «People and organizations facing the "new?" ways of working» coordinated by Eva Rimbau Gilabert (1) Dossier: «Redefining infrastructures for sustainable mobility» coordinated by Pere Suau-Sanchez and Eduard J. Alvarez Palau (1) Dossier: "25 years of Economics and Business Studies at the UOC: reflections on the future" coordinated by María Jesús Martínez Argüelles and Joan Miquel Gomis López (1) Dossier: "Vectors of sustainability: visions from the economy" coordinated by Albert Puig Gómez (1) Dossier on collaborative economy (& II): New strategies and alternative aspects of the platform economy, coordinated by Lluís Alfons Garay Tamajón (1) Dossier on collaborative economy (I): Platform economies and collaborative business, coordinated by Joan Torrent-Sellens (1) Dossier: «Gender and business: towards real equality» coordinated by Laura Lamolla Kristiansen (1) Dossier «Revolution 4.0: progress or precariousness?» coordinated by Josep Lladós (1) Dossier «Digital marketing: revolutionising consumption and society» coordinated by Irene Esteban (1) Dossier «The Future of Finance: Ethics, Technology and Globalisation» coordinated by Joan Llobet (1) Dossier: «Logistics and supply chain in the new digital age» coordinated by Marta Viu Roig (1) Dossier: «Leading people to transform organizations in times of uncertainty»
coordinated by Pilar Ficapal-Cusí (1)
Dossier: «Keys to understanding today's tourism»
coordinated by Francesc González and Soledad Morales (1)
Dossier: «Social and Solidarity Economy: Experiences and Challenges» (1) Dossier: «Rethinking the teaching of economics in universities» coordinated by Carolina Hintzmann (1) Dossier: «Prevention of occupational risks: trends in times of crisis» (1) Dossier: «Realities and challenges of the European Union» (1) Dossier: Social media, economics and business (1) Dossier (1)
Temas collaborative economy (13) sustainability (11) digitization (10) ICT (9) telework (7) e-learning (7) artificial intelligence (AI) (6) competences (5) supply chain (5) market research (5) leadership (5) social media (5) tourism (5) employment (4) platform economy (4) flexibility (4) eCommerce (4) pluralism (4) digital transformation (4) logistics (4) sustainable tourism (4) political economy (4) occupational health (4) competitiveness (4) European Union (4) new forms of work (3) human resources (3) innovation (3) COVID-19 (3) public policies (3) sustainable development (3) marketing (3) economics (3) teaching of economics (3) energy transition (3) social and solidarity economy (3) blockchain (3) gender (3) management (3) robotics (3) productivity (3) FinTech (3) economic theory (3) occupational health prevention (3) work-life balance (2) platform workers (2) feedback (2) last mile (2) mobility (2) road network (2) social responsibility (2) teaching (2) economic thinking (2) VUCA (2) ethics (2) value (2) globalisation (2) transport (2) labour market (2) neoclassical economics (2) Airbnb (2) sharing economy (2) digital platforms (2) cooperative work (2) consumer behaviour (2) platforms (2) digital economy (2) collaborative consumption (2) health (2) gender equality (2) governance (2) entrepreneur (2) labour market (2) industry 4.0 (2) technological change (2) mobile devices (2) digital marketing (2) augmented reality (2) ethical banking (2) corporate social responsibility (2) financial innovation (2) digital currency (2) supply chain management (SCM) (2) 3D printing (2) workaholism (2) passion at work (2) lifestyle (2) personality (2) scales (2) psychosocial risks (2) safety (2) co-operatives (2) complementary currencies (2) ethical finance (2) social entrepreneurship (2) heterodox economics (2) neoclassical theory (2) EEES (2) knowledge economy (2) satisfaction study (2) positioning (2) triathlon (2) telecommunications (2) electricity (2) quality (2) MOOC (2) PYMES (2) social media (2) business (2) employability (2) daily life (1) women (1) employment (1) consumption (1) precariousness (1) employment changes (1) smart working (1) organizational change (1) implementación (1) employment relationships (1) project-driven organization (1) performance (1) hybrid work (1) transformation (1) group trust (1) emotional management (1) virtual team (1) city logistics (1) UFD (1) logistics stakeholders (1) congestion (1) city access (1) metropolitan public transport (1) multi-airport (1) system (1) territory (1) demand (1) micromobility (1) cycling (1) e-scooters (1) mobility as a service (MaaS) (1) shared mobility (1) maritime transport (1) emission rights (1) emissions leakage (1) economic impact (1) ports (1) mobility as a service (1) data sharing (1) public-private collaboration (1) urban mobility (1) metropolitan avenues (1) urbanism (1) sustainable transport (1) urbanism and transport (1) CSR (1) financial function (1) valoración de activos (1) risk management (1) international finance (1) professionals (1) evolution (1) innovation in marketing (1) data era (1) social sciences (1) politics (1) rethinking economics (1) society (1) university (1) internationalization (1) decision-making (1) business models (1) diversity (1) inclusion (1) evolutionary economics (1) general purpose technologies (1) techno-economic paradigm (1) industrial rupture (1) supply chain (1) NTIC (1) last mile (1) tourist platform economics (1) job quality (1) employment digitization (1) geopolitics of renewable energy (1) capitalism (1) history of energy (1) índice de pobreza multidimensional (1) asequibilidad (1) pobreza energética (1) pobreza hídrica (1) escalera de nivel de servicio (1) derechos humanos (1) ecological economics (1) political ecology (1) post-growth (1) Europe (1) green growth (1) sustainable recovery (1) financialization (1) water (1) privatization (1) London (1) theory of value (1) classical economics (1) development economics (1) sustainable development goals (SDGs) (1) urbanization (1) land occupation (1) rehabilitation (1) infrastructures (1) center-periphery (1) entropy (1) deacceleration (1) synergies (1) controversy (1) peer-to-peer accommodation (1) sanitization (1) home (1) hospitality (1) taxis (1) urban passenger transpor (1) platform work (1) voluntary work (1) circular economy (1) gig economy (1) collectives (1) self-employed (1) platform cooperativism (1) gig work (1) riders (1) Airbnb (1) digital marketplaces (1) peer-to-peer (1) pricing (1) network effects (1) two-sided markets (1) distributed networks (1) citizen energy community (1) conceptualization (1) conceptual framework (1) microtasks (1) crowdsourcing (1) atypical employment (1) gig economy (1) measures for work-life balance (1) human resource management (1) work motivation (1) work satisfaction (1) talent retention (1) woman (1) retail commerce (1) retail (1) entrepreneurship (1) skills-based factors (1) work-life balance (1) flexible organisation of work (1) work-life balance (1) labor arrangement types (1) life-course cycle (1) power relationships (1) quotas (1) boards of director (1) STEM (1) gender diversity (1) empowerment (1) She-Os (1) gender stereotypes (1) intention of starting a business (1) motherhood penalty (1) parental leave (1) application of Law (1) information Technology Law (1) AI judge (1) public administration (1) algorithms (1) data (1) professional profiles (1) industry 4.0 (1) industrial revolution (1) technological determinism (1) neutrality (1) autonomy technology (1) smart manufacturing (1) industrial firm (1) Spain (1) mobile research (1) on-line research (1) adoption (1) TOE (1) ESOMAR (1) AEDEMO (1) flow (1) online supermarkets (1) digital consumer (1) online purchase intention (1) e-loyalty (1) influencer (1) lovebrand (1) online (1) social consumer (1) conversation marketing (1) social network trends (1) social commerce (1) social shopping (1) SEO (1) search engine positioning (1) penalties (1) black hat SEO (1) Google (1) app (1) portability (1) geolocation (1) personalisation (1) privacy (1) instantaneousness (1) automation (1) m-commerce (1) behavioural patterns (1) strategic reorientation (1) competitive advantage (1) adventure sports (1) banking ethics (1) sustainable banking (1) banks (1) externalities (1) financial value (1) real value (1) social value (1) environmental value (1) bitcoin (1) currency market (1) payment system (1) cryptocurrency (1) blockchain (1) interest rates (1) exchange rate (1) term structure of interest rate (1) synchronized currency devaluation (1) fintech ecosystem (1) banking digitalisation (1) banking transformation (1) digital finance transformation (1) bank-fintech collaboration (1) financial sector (1) banking (1) digital innovation (1) logistics 4.0 (1) Mediterranean Corridor (1) SCM (1) axis gauge (1) freight transportation (1) supply chain (SC) (1) Human Resources (HR) (1) Human Resources Management (HRM) (1) specialization (1) core business (1) added value (1) outsourcing (1) externalització (1) additive manufacturing (1) value chain (1) logistic transformation (1) Internet of Things (1) Big Data (1) drones (1) omni-channel (1) shopping experience (1) industry (1) professional competences (1) sense girls (1) women 25-45 (1) influencers (1) strategy (1) inequality (1) human resource management (HRM) (1) talent management (1) technology (1) people management (1) development (1) healthy organization (1) prevention of occupational hazards (1) occupational health surveillance (1) flexicurity (1) glocal (1) evidence-based management (1) people management (1) critical thinking (1) research-practice gap (1) servant leadership (1) ethical leadership (1) altruism (1) empowerment (1) justice (1) practical wisdom (1) shareholder-value (1) tourism governance (1) smart destinations (1) postmodernity (1) fordism (1) redistributive conflict (1) tourist multiplier (1) business case (1) stakeholders (1) CSR practices (1) CSR results (1) disruptive phenomena (1) responsible (1) Commons Collaborative Economies (1) complex thinking (1) monetary system (1) panarchy (1) adaptive cycle (1) cooperativism (1) shared (1) fair trade (1) responsible consumption (1) community currencies (1) solidary distribution of surplus (1) needs (1) democracy (1) social market (1) financial exclusion (1) cooperative banking (1) collaborative finance (1) non-profit organizations (1) financing models (1) labour-managed firms (1) B Corp (1) Economy for the common good (1) LETS (1) timebank (1) local currencies (1) social currencies (1) pop-up stores (1) start-up (1) commercial estate (1) local business (1) marketplace (1) economic history (1) post-Keynesian economics (1) post-crash (1) economics education (1) social sciences methodology (1) interdisciplinarity (1) applied economics (1) economic growth (1) history of economic thought (1) retailing (1) assortment (1) private label (1) national brands (1) road traffic safety (1) ISO 39001 (1) management (1) road accident (1) preventive management (1) cost-benefit analysis (1) continuous improvement (1) psychological wellbeing (1) stress (1) transformational leadership (1) technostress (1) connectivity (1) availability (1) crisis (1) working conditions (1) risk (1) business excellence (1) remote working (1) risk prevention (1) health and safety (1) new technologies (1) millenials (1) food retail (1) automatic reposition (1) RFID (1) consumption pattern (1) recycling (1) online selling (1) low carbon (1) energy monopolies (1) energy policy (1) productivity convergence (1) Research and Development (I+D) (1) economic crisis (1) austerity policies (1) european monetary integration (1) Economic and Monetary Union (1) institutional reform (1) major recession (1) posicionament global (1) regionalisation (1) Wikipedia (1) higher education (1) good practice (1) social innovation (1) communities (1) collective intelligence (1) base of the pyramid (1) microfranchise (1) change (1) SWOT (1) key factors (1) indicators (1) target (1) rates (1) industry (1) engagement strategy (1) contagion effect (1) financial markets (1) knowledge management (1) information management (1) organisation (1) convergence (1) financial crisis (1) Oikonomics (1) university governance (1) structural change (1) networking (1) generic competences (1) online graduate (1) Business graduates (1) recruitment processes (1) distance learning (1) education (1) entrepreneurship (1) business games (1) games (1) learning outcomes (1) e-feedbak (1) personalize feedback (1) games of chance (1) probability (1) simulation (1) expected value (1) ADDIE model (1) learning by doing (1) moodle (1)
Autores Gomis, Joan Miquel (9) Torrent-Sellens, Joan (6) Puig Gómez, Albert (5) Lladós-Masllorens, Josep (5) Garay Tamajón, Lluís Alfons (5) Viu Roig, Marta (4) Álvarez-Palau, Eduard J. (4) Suau-Sanchez, Pere (4) Corrons, August (4) Lamolla , Laura (4) Torrent-Sellens, Joan (4) González Reverté, Francesc (4) Fitó Bertran, Àngels (3) Hintzmann, Carolina (3) Canals, Agustí (3) Cugueró-Escofet, Natàlia (3) Martínez Argüelles, María Jesús (3) Rimbau-Gilabert, Eva (2) Castillo, Cristian (2) Pacheco Bernal, Carmen (2) Díaz, Pablo (2) Morales Pérez, Soledad (2) Ficapal-Cusí, Pilar (2) Mañé Estrada, Aurèlia (2) Cañigueral Bagó, Albert (2) Meseguer-Artola, Antoni (2) Esteban Millat, Irene (2) Budet Jofra, Xavier (2) Pérez Gómez, Alexis (2) Serrano Fernández, María José (2) Baraza Sánchez, Xavier (2) Sabadell i Bosch, Mar (2) Galdos Valdecantos, Itziar (2) Trillas, Francesc (2) Miralbell Izard, Oriol (2) Fitó Bertran, Àngels (2) Batalla-Busquets, Josep-Maria (2) Sánchez-Aragón, Anna (1) Belzunegui-Eraso, Ángel (1) Erro-Garcés, Amaya (1) Pastor-Gosálbez, Inma (1) Fernández Rodríguez, Carlos Jesús (1) Lladós-Masllorens, Josep (1) Meseguer-Artola, Antoni (1) Sabadell i Bosch, Mar (1) Rincon-Roldan, Francisco (1) Rivera-Prieto, Juan Carlos (1) Pasamar, Susana (1) García Martínez, Jesús María (1) Sabadell i Bosch, Mar (1) Peñarroja Cabañero, Vicente (1) Jiménez Roig, Cristina (1) Ortiz Miguel, Adrià (1) Trapote-Barreira, César (1) Aibar, Eduard (1) Martín Alcalde, Enrique (1) Morales Fusco, Pau (1) Laborda, Josep (1) Ortigosa Marín, Javier (1) Pérez Pérez, Maite (1) Pretel Fumadó, Lluís (1) Uribe Gil, Jorge Mario Uribe Gil (1) Llobet Dalmases, Joan (1) Jiménez Zarco, Ana Isabel (1) Álvarez, Fernando (1) Cerdán, Mónica (1) Escobar, Dalilis (1) Serradell, Enric (1) Wilson, Julie (1) Motellón Corral, Elisabet (1) Martínez Argüelles, María Jesús (1) Pérez-Foguet, Agustí (1) Demaria, Federico (1) March, Hug (1) Hernández Asensi, Mireia (1) Kovacic, Zora (1) Adamiak, Czesław (1) Roelofsen, Maartje (1) Minca, Claudio (1) Doménech Pascual, Gabriel (1) Rodríguez-Piñero Royo, Miguel (1) Renau Cano, Melissa (1) Fuster Morell, Mayo (1) Espelt, Ricard (1) Rodríguez-Ardura, Inma (1) Hülskamp, Ian (1) Domènech Costafreda, Gemma (1) Ertz, Myriam (1) Malo, Miguel Ángel (1) Sánchez Santos, Javier (1) Ballestar, María Teresa (1) Sainz, Jorge (1) Morales Pallarés, Carolina (1) Zaragoza, Marta (1) Gálvez Mozo, Ana (1) González Ramos, Ana M. (1) González, Susana (1) Mateos, Ruth (1) Pérez-Quintana, Anna (1) Edo Jové, Alba (1) Martínez Zorrilla, David (1) Cerrillo i Martínez, Agustí (1) Pi Palomés, Xavier (1) Tuset-Peiró, Pere (1) Aibar, Eduard (1) Morales Solana, Doris (1) Alegret Cotes, Alejandro (1) Català, Josep M. (1) Soler Domenech, Clara (1) Navío Navarro, Mariché (1) Folguera Obiol, Xavier (1) Firmenich, Mario Eduardo (1) Sanchis-Palacio, Joan Ramon (1) Amat, Natàlia (1) Amat, Oriol (1) Domínguez Jurado, José Miguel (1) García Ruiz, Ricardo (1) Ruiz Dotras, Elisabet (1) Igual Molina, David (1) Pérez Mira, Domingo (1) Gómez-Cedeño, Milena (1) Guitart i Tarrés, Laura (1) Morantes Guerra, Shantall (1) Li Zeng, Yohana (1) Closa Noguera, Oriol (1) López Parada, José (1) Sánchez Marcos, Marina (1) Platas Ruiz, Verònica (1) Thomas Currás, Helena (1) Baldoví, Purificación (1) Rimbau-Gilabert, Eva (1) Mallén Broch, Francisco Fermín (1) Domínguez Escrig, Emilio (1) Rosanas Martí, Josep Maria (1) Giner Sánchez, David (1) Richards, Greg (1) Gascón, Jordi (1) Cañada, Ernest (1) Garcia Jané, Jordi (1) Sanchis, Joan Ramon (1) Bach Oller, Elisabet (1) Campos-i-Climent, Vanessa (1) Hirota, Yasuyuki (1) Fernández Rodríguez, Oriol (1) Berzosa Alonso-Martínez, Carlos (1) Español Casanovas, Ferran (1) de la Villa Aleman, Laura (1) Ribera Fumaz, Ramon (1) Gázquez Abad, Juan Carlos (1) Sánchez-Toledo Ledesma, Agustín (1) Salas Ollé, Carles (1) Rimbau-Gilabert, Eva (1) Dalmau Pons, Ines (1) Ferrer Puig, Ramon (1) de Montserrat i Nonó, Jaume (1) Molinero Ruiz, Emilia (1) Nájera Chico, Julià (1) Ros Pueyo, Andrés (1) Tvrdy Moix, Jiri (1) Bestratén Belloví, Manuel (1) García González-Castro, Guillermo (1) Macías Perea, Daniel (1) Ruiz Posino, Àlex (1) Tugores Ques, Juan (1) Luis Tomás, Mariona (1) Caballé, Daniel (1) Mollá, Alexandre (1) Blanch, Gil (1) Manrique Pérez, María Francisca (1) Peñarroya i Farell, Montserrat (1) Rodríguez, Inma (1) Ruiz Dotras, Elisabet (1) Serradell López, Enric (1) Plana Erta, Dolors (1) Liviano Solís, Daniel (1) Manzanares, Joan (1)
Telework and conciliation: a trap for women?
Anna Sánchez-Aragón, Ángel Belzunegui-Eraso, Amaya Erro-Garcés, Inma Pastor-Gosálbez

The health emergency caused by COVID-19 has reopened, with particular vigour, the debate surrounding the impact of teleworking on working conditions, as well as on the possibilities it offers for conciliation. Given the high level of telework among women, it is necessary to reflect on the impact that the use of this mode of productive work may have on them and on other aspects of daily life. The extent of teleworking implies a threat to women in the sense that teleworking can have a particularly negative impact on women’s work, and this, in turn, would put at risk the progress made during the last few years in the area of gender equality. The regulation of telework is necessary to prevent it from turning into a trap that places the burden of conciliation on women.

Consumption, work, and platform economy: a critical view
Carlos Jesús Fernández Rodríguez

Over the last decade, the business world has experienced abrupt changes due to the irruption of the platform economy. E-commerce giants and application-based business models have become key spaces in the economy, facilitating consumption in terms of convenience, immediacy, and availability. However, these new ways of organizing services, while easing the consumer experience, have controversial effects on the organization of work. This article provides a critical reflection on the newly emerging jobs in the platform economy sector. It will highlight the importance of the imaginary of consumption as a key enabler of these changes in employment.

What do I need to know to facilitate smart working in my organization?
Eva Rimbau-Gilabert, Josep Lladós-Masllorens, Antoni Meseguer-Artola, Mar Sabadell i Bosch

After the increase in teleworking due to the COVID-19 pandemic, many organizations have seen the potential of this way of working and wish to initiate or advance its implementation in a planned way. To this end, it may be useful to develop the capacity of their managers or professionals to be smart working agents, in order to promote the implementation of a form of flexible teleworking that makes good use of technological tools and that favours the best working conditions. After defining smart working, this article presents a competency framework for the role of a smart working agent focused on three key competencies: understanding the context, facilitating implementation, and leading in a digital environment.

Editorial: People and organizations facing "new?" ways of working
Eva Rimbau-Gilabert

The article first describes the different meanings given to the expression “new ways of working” in recent decades. It highlights its link to flexibility in the relationship between the employer and the workforce, with increasing emphasis on the separation from full-time, permanent employment conducted on company premises. This is followed by an introduction to the contributions included in this monograph, which offer a broad overview of the current new ways of working, paying particular attention to telework and presenting a critical view of the impact of platform work and telework.

New ways of working: new challenges for workers and companies
Francisco Rincon-Roldan, Juan Carlos Rivera-Prieto, Susana Pasamar

This paper offers a description of the new forms of work, with special emphasis on the advantages and disadvantages that they involve for both employees and employers. From the perspective of Human Resources, these new models, and their coexistence with more traditional forms of employment, present challenges for the conventional management of functions such as planning, performance evaluation, or managing professional careers. Since the advantages that these new forms of work provide are evident, and their expansion is inevitable, all that remains is to minimize some implicit risks for both the employer and the employees.

The (new) ways of working in Spain show organizational flexibility to deal with any challenge
Jesús María García Martínez

The trend toward (new) ways of working in Spain after the Covid-19 pandemic shows a deployment of extensive organizational flexibility for dealing with any environment. The focus is on project-based organization, workers’ overall health, implementing systems to monitor performance and two pending tasks: innovation and digitalization. The article describes a study by the Spanish Association of People Management and Development (AEDIPE) during the last quarter of 2021 and the first of 2022, gathering the opinion of 527 CEOs and Human Resources managers of prominent Spanish companies. The results show eight main ideas that enable companies to develop flexibility and reorganization as a means for their stability. 1) More than 35% of workers will consolidate their partial work from home. 2) Companies are looking for performance monitoring tools that give them support for control and trust. 3) The wellbeing of employees is central in the post-Covid-19 era. 4) Innovation and digitalization continue to be pending issues. 5) There are significant differences between the coping strategies of large and small companies. 6) Workspaces tend to become collaborative and sustainable. 7) Project management displaces departmental management in organizational structures. 8) Recruitment and selection are of increasing concern to human resources professionals.

Telework in evolution: a narrative approach
Mar Sabadell i Bosch

The purpose of this article is to provide some basic information on telework and to develop, in parallel, some reflections on this economic reality and the role of its legal regulation.

For some years, we have been observing a process of transformation of the nuclear bases on which we have built our labour relations. It is the result of digitalization, which challenges the logic of physical concentration and detaches activity from a single, static location. In other words, telework comes as standard with digitalization. However, it is only when its advancement became so abrupt and far-reaching that we noticed the shift and can already sense a break from the traditional work model.

This article explores the evolutionary progress of telework, beginning with two circumstances that were its main driving factors – digitalization and the COVID-19 pandemic –; observing it from a double dimension, namely organizational and regulatory, and summarizing the main changes in the narrative on telework, in order to contribute to the reflection on the work of the future society.

Results of two interventions aimed at improving collaboration in virtual teams through feedback and emotional management
Vicente Peñarroja Cabañero

This article presents a summary of the results obtained by the research carried out by the author of the article and his colleagues from IDOCAL at the University of Valencia and the Department of Social Psychology at the University of Seville into two interventions designed to improve collaboration in virtual teams. One of these interventions is based on feedback, while the other is based on training team members in emotional management. These interventions have been examined based on experimental studies with a group that received feedback on or training in emotional management and a control group. The results confirmed that virtual teams that received process and outcome feedback experienced an improvement in their perception of group learning and reduced social loafing. The latter also improved virtual teams’ affective outcomes. On the other hand, training in emotional management improved virtual teams’ resilience and reduced relational conflict. There is also an improvement in group engagement in those teams that received training in emotional management. The article concludes with a series of recommendations for improving virtual team collaboration based on the results of this research.

Rethinking urban freight distribution for the e-commerce era
Cristian Castillo, Marta Viu Roig, Eduard J. Álvarez-Palau

The exponential growth of e-commerce, driven in part by the pandemic and new consumer habits, has highlighted the need to rethink the current model of urban freight distribution (UFD). The more online shopping is generated, the more home delivery is required with its implications in terms of operating costs, traffic, parking, and pollution. Urban logistics, and in particular the last mile, have become one of the main focuses of attention for public administrations and logistics operators in order to minimize these externalities. However, there is still a long way to go to optimize the new logistics processes to the requirements of the new distribution channel. Administrations need to start taking action with the help of logistics operators and citizens. These actions must be carried out quickly and in a consensual manner with all the parties involved, as only then will it be possible to define a sustainable urban logistics model that has continuity over time.

The challenge of accessing Barcelona
Cristina Jiménez Roig, Adrià Ortiz Miguel

Despite the high number of passengers using metropolitan public transport systems, the limited growth rates of travel demand have not been enough to reduce the use of private vehicles in the main points of access to the city, which continue to show unsustainable patterns with an excessive presence of private vehicles.

With economic activity halfway through, months of the pandemic caused us to forget day-to-day congestion. But with the gradual recovery of metropolitan activity and mobility and the impact of lifting highway tolls and mobility policies that reduced road capacity within the city, road congestion is back, with the consequent aggravation of air pollution levels.

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